Psychology in Bangladesh began as an academic discipline in the first quarter of the 20th century,when this country was a part of India under the British rule. In 1921, University of Dhaka established a Laboratory of Psychology in the Department of Philosophy, headed by Professor G.H. Langley. In fact it was the first Psychology Laboratory in Bangladesh and the second such laboratory in undivided India. The Psychology Laboratory of the University of Dhaka earned the recognition and reputation as one of the oldest and best organized Psychological Laboratories in this region.

The Department of Psychology in the University of Dhaka was established in 1965. Degrees Offered are-B.S. Honours (four-year); M.S. in Psychology (one-year); Educational Psychology (one-year); M. Phil and Ph.D. The research areas cover General Psychology; Experimental Psychology; Social and Environmental Psychology; Clinical psychology; Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Educational Psychology,Cognitive Psychology. The department is housed with (a) three laboratories equipped with modern psychological apparatus, equipments, and a host of desktop computers connected in LAN and hi-speed broadband internet connection,and (b) a seminar room having facilities of reading books and journals of latest editions. The Dhaka University Journal of Psychology is published by the department since 1972.